domingo, 27 de enero de 2013

Mazmorra Maldita: El Monje y la Monja


On one of my forays on the Internet to etching by Rembrandt, I came across the painting 'Bachanal of a monk and a nun' from the collection of the Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem. The painter is unknown and is dated between 1600 and 1800. A rather broad time frame so it is difficult to determine exactly how the painting relates.
Unknown painter, Bach Anal a Monk and Nun, 1600-1800, collection of Frans Hals Museum

Looks like we are witnessing an illegal Fri game of a monk and a nun. Of them is expected that they are God and the Catholic Church are committed in place of the pagan Eros. I therefore thought that it was a kind of cartoon goes. The stories about the pious nuns and monks who through secret tunnels between their monasteries lovemaking organize, are widely known. Not so crazy too. It's hard to believe that adult healthy men and women succeed in their lifelong celibate life as monks and nuns were expected. 

But if you do not drift Catholic openly ridicule them. Protestants contrast, had fewer qualms about the Catholic Church to mock and what lent itself better than the previous religious infidelity nun and monk to their vow of chastity and celibacy? Was the Protestant Reformation incorrectly also a revolt against this mental and physical corruption of the Catholic Church? 

Further research in the collections of the Frans Hals Museum yielded a similar painting titled "A monk and a beguine". The painter Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem. The painting was made in 1591. Also on this painting we see a prelude to physical love accompanied by excessive fruit and wine.
Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem, A Monk and a Beguine, 1591, collection of Frans Hals Museum
The painting shows, however, together with 3 other paintings commissioned by the Haarlem municipality made and intended for the Princes, the guest house for the rulers. That indicates it on anything other than mocking or propaganda against the servants of the Roman church. I read that according to the caption of old catalogs of the museum is the subject of the painting "The Miracle of Haarlem 'is."

According to this legend, a Haarlem nun accused of a hidden pregnancy and childbirth. It was thought to prove her motherhood in her breast squeezing: if milk came out was the accusation. The painting is displayed when a monk 'experience in the medical sciences "in the breast of the non squeezes. According to legend, a miracle happened: there was no milk, but wine from her chest. This was the piety and innocence of the nun proved. Wine and fruits refer in this case to a virgin life. "(See website Frans Hals Museum). 

And now that you mention it. The beguine the second painting looks slightly pained and exalted, the monk quite seriously. The monk at the upper hand painting looks very different. His gaze is lustful while non (or beguine?) Sympathetic to the monk looks and meantime, a few grapes packed. Perhaps in the course of time the issue has shifted from a pious legend to some more working theme of the monk and the nun who is a free game account?

Cornelis Van Haarlem
La caída de los titanes (también Titanomaquia o La caída de Lucifer), 1588
"La Caída del Hombre", 1592
"The Choice between the Young and Old", 1597

"Venus y Adonis", 1614


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